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Curl, PowerShell, Certificates and Proxies – Wolfgang Ziegler

July 13, 2015
Recently, I was working on a web application and tested it using the PowerShell curl command. All nice and smooth …Except for when I was using …The reason was the self-signed certificate I had been using for test purposes, which did not pass the validation check. Turning Off Certificate ValidationMy workaround was to switch to and PowerShell scripting in lieu of the built-in curl command. That way I could:Turn off certificate validation. []::ServerCertificateValidationCallback = { $true}Create a new WebClient object. $web = New-Object Net. WebClientPerform a DownloadString call to the HTTPS resource. $wnloadString(HTTPS_URL)What about Proxy Servers? Another requirement of my (test) use case was to involve a proxy server. Therefore I had to adapt my custom PowerShell curl script even further. I needed an instance of a WebProxy object:$proxy = New-Object Net. WebProxyThis new proxy objected needed some configuration:$dress = New-Object Uri(“PROXY_URL_OR_IP”)
$passProxyOnLocal = $false
$eDefaultCredentials = $false
$cred = New-Object tworkCredential(“USER”, “PASS”)
$edentials = $credThen, the proxy object was added to the formerly created WebClient instance$ = $proxyAnd the next call to DownloadString was going through the ’s the full code again. Hope you find this useful! []::ServerCertificateValidationCallback = { $true}
$web = New-Object Net. WebClient
$proxy = New-Object Net. WebProxy
$dress = New-Object Uri(“PROXY_URL_OR_IP”)
$edentials = $cred
$ = $proxy
$wnloadString(“CURL_URL”)
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Invoke-Webrequest to HTTPS website with proxy - Reddit

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Invoke-Webrequest to HTTPS website with proxy – Reddit

Hello guys, I’m trying to automate some URL testing using Invoke-WebRequest and a proxyRequest to with a browser using proxy is OK$Base64ProxyAuth = “123123123123123123=”
$Headers = @{“Proxy-Authorization” = “Basic ” + $Base64ProxyAuth}
$Proxy = ”
# HTTP test
$Uri =
Invoke-WebRequest -Uri $Uri -Proxy $Proxy -Headers $Headers
StatusCode: 200
StatusDescription: OK
# HTTPS test
Invoke-WebRequest -uri $uri -Proxy $Proxy -Headers $Headers
Invoke-WebRequest: ERROR: Access Denied
Error code: 02
Date: Fri, 20 Oct 2017 13:34:46 GMT
Request: /*
Any idea? Thanks! edit: thanks to u/fourierswager!! Solution:$ProxyAddress = ”
[]::defaultwebproxy = New-Object ($ProxyAddress)
$CredCache = []::new()
$NetCreds = []::new(“username”, “password”, “”)
$($ProxyAddress, “Basic”, $NetCreds)
[]edentials = $CredCache
[]passProxyOnLocal = $true
Invoke-WebRequest -uri ”
Invoke-WebRequest (Microsoft.PowerShell.Utility)

Invoke-WebRequest (Microsoft.PowerShell.Utility)

Invoke-WebRequest (Microsoft. PowerShell. Utility) – PowerShell | Microsoft Docs
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Gets content from a web page on the internet.
In this article
Syntax
Invoke-WebRequest
[-UseBasicParsing]
[-Uri]
[-WebSession ]
[-SessionVariable ]
[-AllowUnencryptedAuthentication]
[-Authentication ]
[-Credential ]
[-UseDefaultCredentials]
[-CertificateThumbprint ]
[-Certificate ]
[-SkipCertificateCheck]
[-SslProtocol ]
[-Token ]
[-UserAgent ]
[-DisableKeepAlive]
[-TimeoutSec ]
[-Headers ]
[-MaximumRedirection ]
[-MaximumRetryCount ]
[-RetryIntervalSec ]
[-Method ]
[-Proxy ]
[-ProxyCredential ]
[-ProxyUseDefaultCredentials]
[-Body ]
[-Form ]
[-ContentType ]
[-TransferEncoding ]
[-InFile ]
[-OutFile ]
[-PassThru]
[-Resume]
[-SkipHttpErrorCheck]
[-PreserveAuthorizationOnRedirect]
[-SkipHeaderValidation]
[]
-NoProxy
-CustomMethod
Description
The Invoke-WebRequest cmdlet sends HTTP and HTTPS requests to a web page or web service. It parses
the response and returns collections of links, images, and other significant HTML elements.
This cmdlet was introduced in PowerShell 3. 0.
Beginning in PowerShell 7. 0, Invoke-WebRequest supports proxy configuration defined by environment
variables. See the Notes section of this article.
Important
The examples in this article reference hosts in the domain. This is a fictitious
domain used by Microsoft for examples. The examples are designed to show how to use the cmdlets.
However, since the sites do not exist, the examples do not work. Adapt the examples
to hosts in your environment.
Examples
Example 1: Send a web request
This example uses the Invoke-WebRequest cmdlet to send a web request to the site.
$Response = Invoke-WebRequest -URI $putFields | Where-Object {
$ -like “* Value*”} | Select-Object Name, Value
name value
—- —–
From Value 1
To Value 5280
The first command issues the request and saves the response in the $Response variable.
The second command gets any InputField where the Name property is like “* Value”. The
filtered results are piped to Select-Object to select the Name and Value properties.
Example 2: Use a stateful web service
This example shows how to use the Invoke-WebRequest cmdlet with a stateful web service.
$Body = @{
User = ‘jdoe’
password = ‘[email protected]$w0rd! ‘}
$LoginResponse = Invoke-WebRequest ” -SessionVariable ‘Session’ -Body $Body -Method ‘POST’
$Session
$ProfileResponse = Invoke-WebRequest ” -WebSession $Session
$ProfileResponse
The first call to Invoke-WebRequest sends a sign-in request. The command specifies a value of
“Session” for the value of the -SessionVariable parameter, and saves the result in the
$LoginResponse variable. When the command completes, the $LoginResponse variable contains an
BasicHtmlWebResponseObject and the $Session variable contains a WebRequestSession object. This
logs the user into the site.
The call to $Session by itself shows the WebRequestSession object in the variable.
The second call to Invoke-WebRequest fetches the user’s profile which requires that the user be
logged into the site. The session data stored in the $Session variable is used to provide session
cookies to the site created during the login. The result is saved in the $ProfileResponse
variable.
The call to $ProfileResponse by itself shows the BasicHtmlWebResponseObject in the variable.
Example 3: Get links from a web page
This example gets the links in a web page. It uses the Invoke-WebRequest cmdlet to get the web
page content. Then it uses the Links property of the BasicHtmlWebResponseObject that
Invoke-WebRequest returns, and the Href property of each link.
(Invoke-WebRequest -Uri “)
Example 4: Writes the response content to a file using the encoding defined in the requested page.
This example uses the Invoke-WebRequest cmdlet to retrieve the web page content of a PowerShell
documentation page.
$Response = Invoke-WebRequest -Uri ”
$Stream = []::new(‘. ‘, $false, $Response. Encoding)
try {
$($ntent)}
finally {
$Stream. Dispose()}
The first command retrieves the page and saves the response object in the $Response variable.
The second command creates a StreamWriter to use to write the response content to a file. The
Encoding property of the response object is used to set the encoding for the file.
The final few commands write the Content property to the file then disposes the StreamWriter.
Note that the Encoding property is null if the web request doesn’t return text content.
Example 5: Submit a multipart/form-data file
This example uses the Invoke-WebRequest cmdlet upload a file as a multipart/form-data
submission. The file c: is submitted as the form field document with the
Content-Type of text/plain.
$FilePath = ‘c:’
$FieldName = ‘document’
$ContentType = ‘text/plain’
$FileStream = []::new($filePath, []::Open)
$FileHeader = []::new(‘form-data’)
$ = $FieldName
$leName = Split-Path -leaf $FilePath
$FileContent = []::new($FileStream)
$ntentDisposition = $FileHeader
$ntentType = []::Parse($ContentType)
$MultipartContent = []::new()
$($FileContent)
$Response = Invoke-WebRequest -Body $MultipartContent -Method ‘POST’ -Uri ”
Example 6: Simplified Multipart/Form-Data Submission
Some APIs require multipart/form-data submissions to upload files and mixed content. This example
demonstrates updating a user profile.
$Uri = ”
$Form = @{
firstName = ‘John’
lastName = ‘Doe’
email = ”
avatar = Get-Item -Path ‘c:Pictures’
birthday = ‘1980-10-15’
hobbies = ‘Hiking’, ‘Fishing’, ‘Jogging’}
$Result = Invoke-WebRequest -Uri $Uri -Method Post -Form $Form
The profile form requires these fields: firstName, lastName, email, avatar, birthday, and
hobbies. The API is expecting an image for the user profile pic to be supplied in the avatar
field. The API also accepts multiple hobbies entries to be submitted in the same form.
When creating the $Form HashTable, the key names are used as form field names. By default, the
values of the HashTable are converted to strings. If a value is present, the
file contents are submitted. If a collection such as arrays or lists are present, the form field is
submitted multiple times.
By using Get-Item on the avatar key, the FileInfo object is set as the value. The result is
that the image data for is submitted.
By supplying a list to the hobbies key, the hobbies field is present in the submissions once for
each list item.
Example 7: Catch non success messages from Invoke-WebRequest
When Invoke-WebRequest encounters a non-success HTTP message (404, 500, etc. ), it returns no
output and throws a terminating error. To catch the error and view the StatusCode you can
enclose execution in a try/catch block.
try
{
# This will only execute if the Invoke-WebRequest is successful.
$StatusCode = $atusCode}
catch
$StatusCode = $lue__}
$StatusCode
404
The terminating error is caught by the catch block, which retrieves the StatusCode from the
Exception object.
Parameters
-AllowUnencryptedAuthentication
Allows sending of credentials and secrets over unencrypted connections. By default, supplying
Credential or any Authentication option with a Uri that does not begin with
results in an error and the request is aborted to prevent unintentionally communicating secrets in
plain text over unencrypted connections. To override this behavior at your own risk, supply the
AllowUnencryptedAuthentication parameter.
Warning
Using this parameter is not secure and is not recommended. It is provided only for compatibility
with legacy systems that cannot provide encrypted connections. Use at your own risk.
This feature was added in PowerShell 6. 0. 0.
Type:SwitchParameter
Position:Named
Default value:None
Accept pipeline input:False
Accept wildcard characters:False
Specifies the explicit authentication type to use for the request. The default is None.
Authentication cannot be used with UseDefaultCredentials.
Available Authentication Options:
None: This is the default option when Authentication isn’t supplied; no explicit
authentication is used.
Basic: Requires Credential. The credentials are sent in an RFC 7617 Basic Authentication
header in the format of base64(user:password).
Bearer: Requires Token. Sends an RFC 6750 Authorization: Bearer header with the supplied
token. This is an alias for OAuth
OAuth: Requires Token. This is an alias for Bearer
Supplying Authentication overrides any Authorization headers supplied to Headers or
included in WebSession.
Type:WebAuthenticationType
Accepted values:None, Basic, Bearer, OAuth
Specifies the body of the request. The body is the content of the request that follows the headers.
You can also pipe a body value to Invoke-WebRequest.
The Body parameter can be used to specify a list of query parameters or specify the content of
the response.
When the input is a GET request and the body is an IDictionary (typically, a hash table), the body
is added to the URI as query parameters. For other request types (such as POST), the body is set as
the value of the request body in the standard name=value format.
The Body parameter may also accept a object. This
facilitates multipart/form-data requests. When a MultipartFormDataContent object is supplied
for Body, any Content related headers supplied to the ContentType, Headers, or
WebSession parameters is overridden by the Content headers of the MultipartFormDataContent
object. This feature was added in PowerShell 6. 0.
Type:Object
Accept pipeline input:True
Specifies the client certificate that’s used for a secure web request. Enter a variable that
contains a certificate or a command or expression that gets the certificate.
To find a certificate, use Get-PfxCertificate or use the Get-ChildItem cmdlet in the Certificate
(Cert:) drive. If the certificate isn’t valid or doesn’t have sufficient authority, the command
fails.
Type:X509Certificate
Specifies the digital public key certificate (X509) of a user account that has permission to send
the request. Enter the certificate thumbprint of the certificate.
Certificates are used in client certificate-based authentication. They can be mapped only to local
user accounts; they don’t work with domain accounts.
To get a certificate thumbprint, use the Get-Item or Get-ChildItem command in the PowerShell
Cert: drive.
Note
This feature is currently only supported on Windows OS platforms.
Type:String
Specifies the content type of the web request.
If this parameter is omitted and the request method is POST, Invoke-WebRequest sets the content
type to application/x-www-form-urlencoded. Otherwise, the content type isn’t specified in the
call.
ContentType is overridden when a MultipartFormDataContent object is supplied for Body.
Specifies a user account that has permission to send the request. The default is the current user.
Type a user name, such as User01 or Domain01User01, or enter a PSCredential object
generated by the Get-Credential cmdlet.
Credential can be used alone or in conjunction with certain Authentication parameter
options. When used alone, it only supplies credentials to the remote server if the remote server
sends an authentication challenge request. When used with Authentication options, the
credentials are explicitly sent.
Credentials are stored in a PSCredential
object and the password is stored as a SecureString.
Type:PSCredential
Default value:Current user
Specifies a custom method used for the web request. This can be used if the Request Method required
by the endpoint isn’t an available option on the Method. Method and CustomMethod can’t
be used together.
This example makes a TEST HTTP request to the API:
Invoke-WebRequest -uri ” -CustomMethod ‘TEST’
Aliases:CM
Indicates that the cmdlet sets the KeepAlive value in the HTTP header to False. By default,
KeepAlive is True. KeepAlive establishes a persistent connection to the server to
facilitate subsequent requests.
Converts a dictionary to a multipart/form-data submission. Form may not be used with Body.
If ContentType is used, it’s ignored.
The keys of the dictionary are used as the form field names. By default, form values are converted
to string values.
If the value is a object, then the binary file contents are submitted. The
name of the file is submitted as the filename property. The MIME type is set as
application/octet-stream. Get-Item can be used to simplify supplying the
object.
resume = Get-Item ‘c:UsersjdoeDocumentsJohn ‘}
If the value is a collection type, such Arrays or Lists, the for field are submitted multiple times.
The values of the list are treated as strings by default. If the value is a
object, then the binary file contents are submitted. Nested collections aren’t supported.
tags = ‘Vacation’, ‘Italy’, ‘2017’
pictures = Get-ChildItem ‘c:UsersjdoePictures2017-Italy’}
In the above example the tags field are supplied three times in the form, once for each of
Vacation, Italy, and 2017. The pictures field is also submitted once for each file in the
2017-Italy folder. The binary contents of the files in that folder are submitted as the values.
This feature was added in PowerShell 6. 1. 0.
Type:IDictionary
Specifies the headers of the web request. Enter a hash table or dictionary.
To set UserAgent headers, use the UserAgent parameter. You can’t use this parameter to specify
User-Agent or cookie headers.
Content related headers, such as Content-Type is overridden when a MultipartFormDataContent
object is supplied for Body.
Gets the content of the web request from a file. Enter a path and file name. If you omit the path,
the default is the current location.
Specifies how many times PowerShell redirects a connection to an alternate Uniform Resource
Identifier (URI) before the connection fails. The default value is 5. A value of 0 (zero) prevents
all redirection.
Type:Int32
Default value:5
Specifies how many times PowerShell retries a connection when a failure code between 400 and 599,
inclusive or 304 is received. Also see RetryIntervalSec parameter for specifying number of
retries.
Specifies the method used for the web request. The acceptable values for this parameter are:
Default
Delete
Get
Head
Merge
Options
Patch
Post
Put
Trace
The CustomMethod parameter can be used for Request Methods not listed above.
Type:WebRequestMethod
Accepted values:Default, Get, Head, Post, Put, Delete, Trace, Options, Merge, Patch
Indicates that the cmdlet shouldn’t use a proxy to reach the destination. When you need to bypass
the proxy configured in the environment, use this switch. This feature was added in PowerShell
6. 0.
Specifies the output file for which this cmdlet saves the response body. Enter a path and file name.
If you omit the path, the default is the current location. The name is treated as a literal path.
Names that contain brackets ([]) must be enclosed in single quotes (‘).
By default, Invoke-WebRequest returns the results to the pipeline. To send the results to a file
and to the pipeline, use the Passthru parameter.
Indicates that the cmdlet returns the results, in addition to writing them to a file. This parameter
is valid only when the OutFile parameter is also used in the command.
-PreserveAuthorizationOnRedirect
Indicates the cmdlet should preserve the Authorization header, when present, across redirections.
By default, the cmdlet strips the Authorization header before redirecting. Specifying this
parameter disables this logic for cases where the header needs to be sent to the redirection
location.
Specifies a proxy server for the request, rather than connecting directly to the internet resource.
Enter the URI of a network proxy server.
Type:Uri
Specifies a user account that has permission to use the proxy server that is specified by the
Proxy parameter. The default is the current user.
Type a user name, such as User01 or Domain01User01,, or enter a
PSCredential object, such as one generated by the Get-Credential cmdlet.
This parameter is valid only when the Proxy parameter is also used in the command. You can’t use
the ProxyCredential and ProxyUseDefaultCredentials parameters in the same command.
-ProxyUseDefaultCredentials
Indicates that the cmdlet uses the credentials of the current user to access the proxy server that
is specified by the Proxy parameter.
Performs a best effort attempt to resume downloading a partial file. Resume requires
OutFile.
Resume only operates on the size of the local file and remote file and performs no other
validation that the local file and the remote file are the same.
If the local file size is smaller than the remote file size, then the cmdlet attempts to resume
downloading the file and append the remaining bytes to the end of the file.
If the local file size is the same as the remote file size, then no action is taken and the cmdlet
assumes the download already complete.
If the local file size is larger than the remote file size, then the local file is overwritten and
the entire remote file is re-downloaded. This behavior is the same as using OutFile without
Resume.
If the remote server does not support download resuming, then the local file is overwritten and the
entire remote file is re-downloaded. This behavior is the same as using OutFile without
If the local file does not exist, then the local file is created and the entire remote file is
downloaded. This behavior is the same as using OutFile without Resume.
Specifies the interval between retries for the connection when a failure code between 400 and 599,
inclusive or 304 is received. Also see MaximumRetryCount parameter for specifying number of
Specifies a variable for which this cmdlet creates a web request session and saves it in the value.
Enter a variable name without the dollar sign ($) symbol.
When you specify a session variable, Invoke-WebRequest creates a web request session object and
assigns it to a variable with the specified name in your PowerShell session. You can use the
variable in your session as soon as the command completes.
Unlike a remote session, the web request session is not a persistent connection. It’s an object that
contains information about the connection and the request, including cookies, credentials, the
maximum redirection value, and the user agent string. You can use it to share state and data among
web requests.
To use the web request session in subsequent web requests, specify the session variable in the value
of the WebSession parameter. PowerShell uses the data in the web request session object when
establishing the new connection. To override a value in the web request session, use a cmdlet
parameter, such as UserAgent or Credential. Parameter values take precedence over values in
the web request session.
You can’t use the SessionVariable and WebSession parameters in the same command.
Aliases:SV
Skips certificate validation checks. This includes all validations such as expiration, revocation,
trusted root authority, etc.
Using this parameter is not secure and is not recommended. This switch is only intended to be used
against known hosts using a self-signed certificate for testing purposes. Use at your own risk.
Indicates the cmdlet should add headers to the request without validation.
This switch should be used for sites that require header values that do not conform to standards.
Specifying this switch disables validation to allow the value to be passed unchecked. When
specified, all headers are added without validation.
This switch disables validation for values passed to the ContentType, Headers and
UserAgent parameters.
This parameter causes the cmdlet to ignore HTTP error statuses and continue to process responses.
The error responses are written to the pipeline just as if they were successful.
This parameter was introduced in PowerShell 7.
Default value:False
Sets the SSL/TLS protocols that are permissible for the web request. By default all, SSL/TLS
protocols supported by the system are allowed. SslProtocol allows for limiting to specific
protocols for compliance purposes.
These values are defined as a flag-based enumeration. You can combine multiple values together to
set multiple flags using this parameter. The values can be passed to the SslProtocol parameter
as an array of values or as a comma-separated string of those values. The cmdlet will combine the
values using a binary-OR operation. Passing values as an array is the simplest option and also
allows you to use tab-completion on the values. You may not be able to define multiple options on
all platforms.
On non-Windows platforms it may not be possible to supply Tls or Tls12 as an option. Support
for Tls13 is not available on all operating systems and will need to be verified on a per
operating system basis.
This feature was added in PowerShell 6. 0 and support for Tls13 was added in PowerShell 7. 1.
Type:WebSslProtocol
Accepted values:Default, Tls, Tls11, Tls12
Specifies how long the request can be pending before it times out. Enter a value in seconds. The
default value, 0, specifies an indefinite time-out.
A Domain Name System (DNS) query can take up to 15 seconds to return or time out. If your request
contains a host name that requires resolution, and you set TimeoutSec to a value greater than
zero, but less than 15 seconds, it can take 15 seconds or more before a WebException is thrown, and
your request times out.
Default value:0
The OAuth or Bearer token to include in the request. Token is required by certain
Authentication options. It cannot be used independently.
Token takes a SecureString containing the token. To supply the token manually use the
following:
Invoke-WebRequest -Uri $uri -Authentication OAuth -Token (Read-Host -AsSecureString)
This parameter was introduced in PowerShell 6. 0.
Type:SecureString
Specifies a value for the transfer-encoding HTTP response header. The acceptable values for this
parameter are:
Chunked
Compress
Deflate
GZip
Identity
Accepted values:chunked, compress, deflate, gzip, identity
Specifies the Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) of the internet resource to which the web request is
sent. Enter a URI. This parameter supports HTTP or HTTPS only.
This parameter is required. The parameter name Uri is optional.
Position:0
This parameter has been deprecated. Beginning with PowerShell 6. 0, all Web requests use basic
parsing only. This parameter is included for backwards compatibility only and any use of it has no
effect on the operation of the cmdlet.
Indicates that the cmdlet uses the credentials of the current user to send the web request. This
can’t be used with Authentication or Credential and may not be supported on all platforms.
Specifies a user agent string for the web request.
The default user agent is similar to
Mozilla/5. 0 (Windows NT 10. 0; Microsoft Windows 10. 15063; en-US) PowerShell/6. 0 with slight
variations for each operating system and platform.
To test a website with the standard user agent string that is used by most internet browsers, use
the properties of the PSUserAgent class,
such as Chrome, FireFox, InternetExplorer, Opera, and Safari.
For example, the following command uses the user agent string for Internet Explorer:
Invoke-WebRequest -Uri -UserAgent ([UserAgent]::InternetExplorer)
Specifies a web request session. Enter the variable name, including the dollar sign ($).
To override a value in the web request session, use a cmdlet parameter, such as UserAgent or
Credential. Parameter values take precedence over values in the web request session. Content
related headers, such as Content-Type, are also be overridden when a MultipartFormDataContent
Unlike a remote session, the web request session isn’t a persistent connection. It’s an object that
To create a web request session, enter a variable name, without a dollar sign, in the value of the
SessionVariable parameter of an Invoke-WebRequest command. Invoke-WebRequest creates the
session and saves it in the variable. In subsequent commands, use the variable as the value of the
WebSession parameter.
Type:WebRequestSession
Inputs
Object
You can pipe the body of a web request to Invoke-WebRequest.
Outputs
BasicHtmlWebResponseObject
Notes
Beginning with PowerShell 6. 0 Invoke-WebRequest supports basic parsing only.
For more information, see
BasicHtmlWebResponseObject.
Because of changes in Core 3. 1, PowerShell 7. 0 and higher use the
faultProxy
Property to determine the proxy configuration.
The value of this property is determined by your platform:
For Windows: Reads proxy configuration from environment variables. If those variables are not
defined the property is derived from the user’s proxy settings.
For macOS: Reads proxy configuration from environment variables. If those variables are not
defined the property is derived from the system’s proxy settings.
For Linux: Reads proxy configuration from environment variables. If those variables are not
defined the property initializes a non-configured instance that bypasses all addresses.
The environment variables used for DefaultProxy initialization on Windows and Unix-based platforms
are:
HTTP_PROXY: the hostname or IP address of the proxy server used on HTTP requests.
HTTPS_PROXY: the hostname or IP address of the proxy server used on HTTPS requests.
ALL_PROXY: the hostname or IP address of the proxy server used on HTTP and HTTPS requests in
case HTTP_PROXY or HTTPS_PROXY are not defined.
NO_PROXY: a comma-separated list of hostnames that should be excluded from proxying.
Invoke-RestMethod
ConvertFrom-Json
ConvertTo-Json
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Frequently Asked Questions about curl powershell proxy

Does invoke-WebRequest use proxy?

Beginning in PowerShell 7.0, Invoke-WebRequest supports proxy configuration defined by environment variables.

Does curl go through proxy?

The default proxy type is HTTP so if you specify a proxy host name (or IP address) without a scheme part (the part that is often written as “http://”) curl goes with assuming it’s an HTTP proxy. curl also allows a number of different options to set the proxy type instead of using the scheme prefix.

Can I curl from PowerShell?

curl in PowerShell uses Invoke-WebRequest . From PowerShell. 3. 0 and above, you can use Invoke-WebRequest , which is equivalent to curl .

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