Curl Terminal

Curl Command in Linux with Examples

curl is a command-line utility for transferring data from or to a server designed to work without user interaction. With curl, you can download or upload data using one of the supported protocols including HTTP, HTTPS, SCP, SFTP, and FTP. curl provides a number of options allowing you to resume transfers, limit the bandwidth, proxy support, user authentication, and much this tutorial, we will show you how to use the curl tool through practical examples and detailed explanations of the most common curl stalling Curl The curl package is pre-installed on most Linux distributions check whether the Curl package is installed on your system, open up your console, type curl, and press enter. If you have curl installed, the system will print curl: try ‘curl –help’ or ‘curl –manual’ for more information. Otherwise, you will see something like curl command not curl is not installed you can easily install it using the package manager of your stall Curl on Ubuntu and Debian sudo apt updatesudo apt install curlInstall Curl on CentOS and Fedora sudo yum install curlHow to Use Curl The syntax for the curl command is as follows:In its simplest form, when invoked without any option, curl displays the specified resource to the standard example, to retrieve the homepage you would run:curl command will print the source code of the homepage in your terminal no protocol is specified, curl tries to guess the protocol you want to use, and it will default to the Output to a File To save the result of the curl command, use either the -o or -O option. Lowercase -o saves the file with a predefined filename, which in the example below is -o -O saves the file with its original filename:curl -O Multiple files To download multiple files at once, use multiple -O options, followed by the URL to the file you want to the following example we are downloading the Arch Linux and Debian iso files:curl -O -O a Download You can resume a download by using the -C – option. This is useful if your connection drops during the download of a large file, and instead of starting the download from scratch, you can continue the previous example, if you are downloading the Ubuntu 18. 04 iso file using the following command:curl -O suddenly your connection drops you can resume the download with:curl -C – -O headers are colon-separated key-value pairs containing information such as user agent, content type, and encoding. Headers are passed between the client and the server with the request or the the -I option to fetch only the HTTP headers of the specified resource:curl -I –2 if a Website Supports HTTP/2 To check whether a particular URL supports the new HTTP/2 protocol, fetch the HTTP Headers with -I along with the –2 option:curl -I –2 -s | grep HTTPThe -s option tells curl to run in a silent (quiet) and hide the progress meter and error the remote server supports HTTP/2, curl prints HTTP/2. 0 200:HTTP/2 200
Otherwise, the response is HTTP/1. 1 200:HTTP/1. 1 200 OK
If you have curl version 7. 47. 0 or newer, you do not need to use the –2 option because HTTP/2 is enabled by default for all HTTPS Redirects By default, curl doesn’t follow the HTTP Location you try to retrieve the non-www version of, you will notice that instead of getting the source of the page you’ll be redirected to the www version:curl -L option instructs curl to follow any redirect until it reaches the final destination:curl -L mChange the User-Agent Sometimes when downloading a file, the remote server may be set to block the Curl User-Agent or to return different contents depending on the visitor device and situations like this to emulate a different browser, use the -A example to emulates Firefox 60 you would use:curl -A “Mozilla/5. 0 (X11; Linux x86_64; rv:60. 0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/60. 0” a Maximum Transfer Rate The –limit-rate option allows you to limit the data transfer rate. The value can be expressed in bytes, kilobytes with the k suffix, megabytes with the m suffix, and gigabytes with the g the following example curl will download the Go binary and limit the download speed to 1 mb:curl –limit-rate 1m -O option is useful to prevent curl consuming all the available ansfer Files via FTP To access a protected FTP server with curl, use the -u option and specify the username and password as shown below:curl -u FTP_USERNAME:FTP_PASSWORD logged in, the command lists all files and directories in the user’s home can download a single file from the FTP server using the following syntax:curl -u FTP_USERNAME:FTP_PASSWORD upload a file to the FTP server, use the -T followed by the name of the file you want to upload:curl -T -u FTP_USERNAME:FTP_PASSWORD Cookies Sometimes you may need to make an HTTP request with specific cookies to access a remote resource or to debug an default, when requesting a resource with curl, no cookies are sent or send cookies to the server, use the -b switch followed by a filename containing the cookies or a example, to download the Oracle Java JDK rpm file
you’ll need to pass a cookie named oraclelicense with value a:curl -L -b “oraclelicense=a” -O Proxies curl supports different types of proxies, including HTTP, HTTPS and SOCKS. To transfer data through a proxy server, use the -x (–proxy) option, followed by the proxy following command downloads the specified resource using a proxy on 192. 168. 44. 1 port 8888:curl -x 192. 1:8888 the proxy server requires authentication, use the -U (–proxy-user) option followed by the user name and password separated by a colon (user:password):curl -U username:password -x 192. 1:8888 curl is a command-line tool that allows you to transfer data from or to a remote host. It is useful for troubleshooting issues, downloading files, and examples shown in this tutorial are simple, but demonstrate the most used curl options and are meant to help you understand how the curl command more information about curl visit the Curl Documentation
you have any questions or feedback, feel free to leave a comment.
curl command in Linux with Examples - GeeksforGeeks

curl command in Linux with Examples – GeeksforGeeks

curl is a command line tool to transfer data to or from a server, using any of the supported protocols (HTTP, FTP, IMAP, POP3, SCP, SFTP, SMTP, TFTP, TELNET, LDAP or FILE). curl is powered by Libcurl. This tool is preferred for automation, since it is designed to work without user interaction. curl can transfer multiple file at [options] [URL… ]URL: The most basic uses of curl is typing the command followed by the This should display the content of the URL on the terminal. The URL syntax is protocol dependent and multiple URLs can be written as sets like:curl one, two, three}
URLs with numeric sequence series can be written as:curl 1-20]
Progress Meter: curl displays a progress meter during use to indicate the transfer rate, amount of data transferred, time left -# -o curl –silent If you like a progress bar instead of meter, you can use the -# option as in the example above, or –silent if you want to disable it completely. Example:Options:-o: saves the downloaded file on the local machine with the name provided in the -o [file_name] [URL… ]
Example:curl -o Output:The above example downloads the file from FTP server and saves it with the name: This option downloads the file and saves it with the same name as in the -O [URL… ]
Example:curl -O –: This option resumes download which has been stopped due to some reason. This is useful when downloading large files and was -C – [URL… ]
Example:curl -C – -O limit-rate: This option limits the upper bound of the rate of data transfer and keeps it around the given value in –limit-rate [value] [URL]
Example:curl –limit-rate 1000K -O Output:The command limits the download to 1000K bytes. -u: curl also provides options to download files from user authenticated FTP -u {username}:{password} [FTP_URL]
Example:curl -u demo:password -O: This option helps to upload a file to the FTP -u {username}:{password} -T {filename} {FTP_Location}
If you want to append a already existing FTP file you can use the -a or –append option. –libcurl:This option is very useful from a developers perspective. If this option is appended to any cURL command, it outputs the C source code that uses libcurl for the specified option. It is the code similar to the command line [URL… ] –libcurl [filename]
Example:curl > –libcurl code. c
Output:The above example downloads the HTML and saves it into and the code in code. c file. The next command shows the first 30 lines of the code. -x, –proxy: curl also lets us use a proxy to access the -x [proxy_name]:[port] [URL… ]
If the proxy requires authentication, it can be used with the command:curl -u [user]:[password] -x [proxy_name]:[port] [URL… ]
Sending mail: As curl can transfer data over different protocols, including SMTP, we can use curl to send –url [SMTP URL] –mail-from [sender_mail] –mail-rcpt [receiver_mail] -n –ssl-reqd -u {email}:{password} -T [Mail text file]DICT protocol: The Libcurl defines the DICT protocol which can be used to easily get the definition or meaning of any word directly from the command [protocol:[dictionary_URL]:[word]
Example:curl dict
Output:Note: There are a number of other options provided by cURL which can be checked on the man page. The Libcurl library has been ported into various programming languages. It’s advisable to visit the individual project site for documentation.
Learn how to install & run cURL on Windows/MacOSX/Linux

Learn how to install & run cURL on Windows/MacOSX/Linux

Learn to handle your HTTP request by using the command-line tool cURL
Written by Maria Hernandez
Updated over a week ago
cURL is a command-line tool that lets you transfer data to/from a server using various protocols. In this case, the curl command will establish a communication to POST or GET data to/from Ubidots Server over HTTP and you will find the step-by-step to installing cURL in Windows, MacOSX and dows installationMacOSX installationLinux installation 1. Enter and access the URL to download the curl executable wizard. 2. Select “curl executable” as Type of Package. 3. Then, on the “Select Operating System” section, select Windows. Then, continue selecting the parameters required based on your version of Windows. 4. Once you’ve finished the on-screen steps, download the zip file generated. To download it, simply press “Download”. 5. Next, open the file and enter to the folder called “src*”. Inside the src folder you will find the curl executable file. At this point, you need to copy the executable file and paste it inside a local folder on your PC to be able to run the curl. NOTE: To get a better understanding of the following steps, let’s assume the executable file is located inside a folder named “programs”. 6. From the Command Prompt, enter to the location where the executable file was pasted. To enter to the folder you need to use the cd command following the location of the folder which contains the executable file as you can see below. cd programsExpected location to be shownC:Users{your_user}programs>7. To verify if you are able to run curl commands with the command prompt, test functionality by executing the command below:curl –help At this point, you should receive the all the help info related to the curl command. 1. Enter to the computer’s terminal. 2. Run the command below in the terminal:ruby -e “$(curl -fsSL)” < /dev/null 2> /dev/null3. If a password is required after running the command, please enter your Mac’s user password to continue. Then, wait until the installation finish. 4. Run the command below in the terminal:brew install curlNow you are able to use cURL from your Mac pc! 1. Run the command below in the terminal:sudo apt-get install curl3. If a password is required after ran the command, please enter your computers’ user password to continue. Then, wait until the installation you are able to use cURL from your Linux pc!

Frequently Asked Questions about curl terminal

What is curl in terminal?

curl is a command line tool to transfer data to or from a server, using any of the supported protocols (HTTP, FTP, IMAP, POP3, SCP, SFTP, SMTP, TFTP, TELNET, LDAP or FILE). curl is powered by Libcurl.May 15, 2019

How do you curl in terminal?

Windows Installation. Enter and access the URL to download the curl executable wizard. Select “curl executable” as Type of Package. … MacOSX Installation. Enter to the computer’s terminal. … Linux installation. Enter to the computer’s terminal.

What is curl command windows?

cURL is a command line tool and a library which can be used to receive and send data between a client and a server or any two machines connected over the internet. It supports a wide range of protocols like HTTP, FTP, IMAP, LDAP, POP3, SMTP and many more.

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