Node Js Get Html Page

In Node.js / Express, how do I “download” a page and gets its …

Inside the code, I want to download ” and store it in a string.
I know how to do that in urllib in python. But how do you do it in + Express?
MPelletier15. 4k14 gold badges81 silver badges129 bronze badges
asked Apr 27 ’11 at 8:47
var util = require(“util”),
= require(“”);
var options = {
host: “,
port: 80,
path: “/”};
var content = “”;
var req = quest(options, function(res) {
(“data”, function (chunk) {
content += chunk;});
(“end”, function () {
answered Apr 27 ’11 at 9:04
yojimbo87yojimbo8761k23 gold badges119 silver badges130 bronze badges
Simple short and efficient code:)
var request = require(“request”);
{ uri: “},
function(error, response, body) {
doc link:
answered Jun 23 ’18 at 10:52
Natesh bhatNatesh bhat8, 7996 gold badges59 silver badges97 bronze badges
Yo can try with axios
var axios = require(‘axios’);
(“, {
headers: {
Referer: ”,
‘X-Requested-With’: ‘XMLHttpRequest’}})(function (response) {
answered Jul 29 ’20 at 1:41
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Web Scraping and Parsing HTML in Node.js with jsdom - Twilio

Web Scraping and Parsing HTML in Node.js with jsdom – Twilio

The internet has a wide variety of information for human consumption. But this data is often difficult to access programmatically if it doesn’t come in the form of a dedicated REST API. With tools like jsdom, you can scrape and parse this data directly from web pages to use for your projects and applications.
Let’s use the example of needing MIDI data to train a neural network that can generate classic Nintendo-sounding music. In order to do this, we’ll need a set of MIDI music from old Nintendo games. Using jsdom we can scrape this data from the Video Game Music Archive.
Getting started and setting up dependencies
Before moving on, you will need to make sure you have an up to date version of and npm installed.
Navigate to the directory where you want this code to live and run the following command in your terminal to create a package for this project:
The –yes argument runs through all of the prompts that you would otherwise have to fill out or skip. Now we have a for our app.
For making HTTP requests to get data from the web page we will use the Got library, and for parsing through the HTML we’ll use Cheerio.
Run the following command in your terminal to install these libraries:
npm install got@10. 4. 0 jsdom@16. 2. 2
jsdom is a pure-JavaScript implementation of many web standards, making it a familiar tool to use for lots of JavaScript developers. Let’s dive into how to use it.
Using Got to retrieve data to use with jsdom
First let’s write some code to grab the HTML from the web page, and look at how we can start parsing through it. The following code will send a GET request to the web page we want, and will create a jsdom object with the HTML from that page, which we’ll name dom:
const fs = require(‘fs’);
const got = require(‘got’);
const jsdom = require(“jsdom”);
const { JSDOM} = jsdom;
const vgmUrl= ”;
got(vgmUrl)(response => {
const dom = new JSDOM();
((‘title’). textContent);})(err => {
When you pass the JSDOM constructor a string, you will get back a JSDOM object, from which you can access a number of usable properties such as window. As seen in this code, you can navigate through the HTML and retrieve DOM elements for the data you want using a query selector.
For example, querySelector(‘title’). textContent will get you the text inside of the tag on the page. If you save this code to a file named and run it with the command node, it will log the title of the web page to the console.<br /> Using CSS Selectors with jsdom<br /> If you want to get more specific in your query, there are a variety of selectors you can use to parse through the HTML. Two of the most common ones are to search for elements by class or ID. If you wanted to get a div with the ID of “menu” you would use querySelectorAll(‘#menu’) and if you wanted all of the header columns in the table of VGM MIDIs, you’d do querySelectorAll(”)<br /> What we want on this page are the hyperlinks to all of the MIDI files we need to download. We can start by getting every link on the page using querySelectorAll(‘a’). Add the following to your code in<br /> (‘a’). forEach(link => {<br /> ();});})(err => {<br /> This code logs the URL of every link on the page. We’re able to look through all elements from a given selector using the forEach function. Iterating through every link on the page is great, but we’re going to need to get a little more specific than that if we want to download all of the MIDI files.<br /> Filtering through HTML elements<br /> Before writing more code to parse the content that we want, let’s first take a look at the HTML that’s rendered by the browser. Every web page is different, and sometimes getting the right data out of them requires a bit of creativity, pattern recognition, and experimentation.<br /> Our goal is to download a bunch of MIDI files, but there are a lot of duplicate tracks on this webpage, as well as remixes of songs. We only want one of each song, and because our ultimate goal is to use this data to train a neural network to generate accurate Nintendo music, we won’t want to train it on user-created remixes.<br /> When you’re writing code to parse through a web page, it’s usually helpful to use the developer tools available to you in most modern browsers. If you right-click on the element you’re interested in, you can inspect the HTML behind that element to get more insight.<br /> You can write filter functions to fine-tune which data you want from your selectors. These are functions which loop through all elements for a given selector and return true or false based on whether they should be included in the set or not.<br /> If you looked through the data that was logged in the previous step, you might have noticed that there are quite a few links on the page that have no href attribute, and therefore lead nowhere. We can be sure those are not the MIDIs we are looking for, so let’s write a short function to filter those out as well as elements which do contain a href element that leads to a file:<br /> const isMidi = (link) => {<br /> // Return false if there is no href attribute.<br /> if(typeof === ‘undefined’) { return false}<br /> return (”);};<br /> Now we have the problem of not wanting to download duplicates or user generated remixes. For this we can use regular expressions to make sure we are only getting links whose text has no parentheses, as only the duplicates and remixes contain parentheses:<br /> const noParens = (link) => {<br /> // Regular expression to determine if the text has parentheses.<br /> const parensRegex = /^((?! \(). )*$/;<br /> return (link. textContent);};<br /> Try adding these to your code in by creating an array out of the collection of HTML Element Nodes that are returned from querySelectorAll and applying our filter functions to it:<br /> // Create an Array out of the HTML Elements for filtering using spread syntax.<br /> const nodeList = [(‘a’)];<br /> (isMidi)(noParens). forEach(link => {<br /> Run this code again and it should only be printing files, without duplicates of any particular song.<br /> Downloading the MIDI files we want from the webpage<br /> Now that we have working code to iterate through every MIDI file that we want, we have to write code to download all of them.<br /> In the callback function for looping through all of the MIDI links, add this code to stream the MIDI download into a local file, complete with error checking:<br /> const fileName =;<br /> (`${vgmUrl}/${fileName}`)<br /> (‘error’, err => { (err); (`Error on ${vgmUrl}/${fileName}`)})<br /> (eateWriteStream(`MIDIs/${fileName}`))<br /> (‘finish’, () => (`Downloaded: ${fileName}`));});<br /> Run this code from a directory where you want to save all of the MIDI files, and watch your terminal screen display all 2230 MIDI files that you downloaded (at the time of writing this). With that, we should be finished scraping all of the MIDI files we need.<br /> Go through and listen to them and enjoy some Nintendo music!<br /> The vast expanse of the World Wide Web<br /> Now that you can programmatically grab things from web pages, you have access to a huge source of data for whatever your projects need. One thing to keep in mind is that changes to a web page’s HTML might break your code, so make sure to keep everything up to date if you’re building applications on top of this. You might want to also try comparing the functionality of the jsdom library with other solutions by following tutorials for web scraping using Cheerio and headless browser scripting using Puppeteer or a similar library called Playwright.<br /> If you’re looking for something to do with the data you just grabbed from the Video Game Music Archive, you can try using Python libraries like Magenta to train a neural network with it.<br /> I’m looking forward to seeing what you build. Feel free to reach out and share your experiences or ask any questions.<br /> Email:<br /> Twitter: @Sagnewshreds<br /> Github: Sagnew<br /> Twitch (streaming live code): Sagnewshreds<br /> <img decoding="async" src="" alt="Using Node.js to read HTML file and send HTML response" title="Using Node.js to read HTML file and send HTML response" /></p> <h2>Using Node.js to read HTML file and send HTML response</h2> <p>Posted by: Mahesh Sabnis,<br /> on 4/4/2016,<br /> in Category<br /> Abstract: Read HTML file in using simple File IO operations and send a HTML response back to client.<br /> In traditional web applications, a web server (e. g. IIS) contains the directory structure to manage web pages (html, asp, aspx, etc. ). When a request for the page is received, the web server performs the request processing based upon server-side configuration and returns the matching HTML response. This configuration contains information for the page extension and its associated runtime. This is because the hosting environment needs the complete information about the page from the URL, and then accordingly it discovers the page on the server.<br /> In we can perform these operations using the File Module (fs) and the module.<br /> scans the URL based on which it reads the corresponding html file and responds to the request message. In this article, we will create a project with a HTML file in it. Our code will then read the request URL and based on it, the response will be sent back.<br /> Prerequisites for the implementation.<br /> To implement following steps we need resources as listed below:<br /> Visual Studio Code or Visual Studio 2013/2015<br /> Node Tools for Visual Studio<br /> Implementation<br /> The implementation here uses Visual Studio Code. This a free IDE for building and debugging modern web and cloud applications on the Windows, Mac OSX and Linux platform.<br /> Step 1: Create a folder on the drive (e. E:\) of name VSCoderespondHtml. In this folder add a new folder of the name Scripts. We will be using this to store our application files. Open Visual Studio Code. Open the VSCoderespondHtml folder using File > Open Folder Option. Once the folder is opened, the option for creating a new file will be displayed to the right, as shown in the following image. Select the Script folder and click on the new file icon as shown in the following image. This will provide a blank textbox where you create a new file name as<br /> Step 2: In the VSCoderespondHtml folder, add a folder of name AppPages. In this folder add a new HTML file of name Add the following markup in it:<br /> <! DOCTYPE html><br /> <html utf-8" /><br /> <title>The Page Returned by Making Http Call to

Product Information Page

Product Id:
Product Name:

This is a simple HTML file which will be sent with the request.
Step 3: Open and add the following code in it
var = require(”);
var fs = require(‘fs’);
var server = eateServer(function (req, resp) {
if ( === “/create”) {
adFile(“AppPages/”, function (error, pgResp) {
if (error) {
resp. writeHead(404);
(‘Contents you are looking are Not Found’);} else {
resp. writeHead(200, { ‘Content-Type’: ‘text/html’});
();});} else {

Product Manaager

To create product please enter: ‘ +);
(‘Server Started listening on 5050’);
The above code performs the following operations. (Note: Comments on each line match with the numbers used in the following points. )
1. Since we need to create web server for messaging, we need module. We will be reading the html file using File IO, for that we need to load fs module.
2. Create an server with the callback for request processing.
3. If the URL contains ‘/create’ value in it, the file will be read. If the file is not read successfully, the response with Http Status as Not Found will be sent for the request message. If the file is read, then the html response will be sent back.
4. If the URL does not match with ‘/create’, then default Html message will be sent back for the request.
5. The server will start listening on port 5050.
Step 4: Right-Click on the and select Open in Command Prompt option. This will show the command prompt from where we can run the application.
On this command enter the following Command
Node app
The following result will be displayed
Step 5: Open any browser and enter the following URL
This is the default response we have received. But we need a HTML response, to receive it, change the URL as following
Now we have received the html page successfully.
Conclusion: With simple File IO operations we can read HTML file in and by using simple modules, we can send a HTML response back to client.
This article has been editorially reviewed by Suprotim Agarwal.
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Frequently Asked Questions about node js get html page

How do I get an HTML page in node JS?

For using any module in Node JS we have to use “require” module. So fist we import the “http” module. var http=require(“http”);…Creating Server And Host HTML Page Using Node. jsvar server = http.createServer(function(request, response) {response.writeHead(200, {‘Content-Type’: ‘text/plain’});});Dec 7, 2017

Can I use HTML with node js?

Fetching The HTML File on our File System js script is to require the file system module in Node. js. … writeHead() method, notice that we change the content type from ‘text/plain’ to ‘text/html’.

How do I create a node JS HTML file?

The most basic way you could do what you want is this : var http = require(‘http’); http. createServer(function (req, res) { var html = buildHtml(req); res. writeHead(200, { ‘Content-Type’: ‘text/html’, ‘Content-Length’: html.Feb 7, 2014

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