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What is meant by proxy seller? – Business – Inter Press Service
Saturday, 23 October 2021
INTER PRESS SERVICE NEWS AGENCY – BUSINESS
The word proxy in general means that the proxy acts behalf of or instead of others. The proxy means that it is a system or a router act as a connection between the people or the client and to the server. The proxy seller means that the proxy provider can sell proxies. The proxy seller describes that their work is to sell proxies to the client or the people in the amount of single proxies or in the amount of bulk proxies. The proxy server work is to protect the people’s system or their client system from the attack of the third party private attack to avoid problems on the people’s who are acted as a client of the proxy system. The proxy server works is in the system is that whenever the requests comes from the people or the client to the system, as that request will be comes first to the proxy server.
The proxy server work is to get the answer for the people or client question who asks and send back the answer as per the people or to the client wish from the proxy server in the system. The proxy server is used in the system for providing the things like the particular system functions, and privacy to the system and also provides security to the people or the client system based on the thing of what people request to the work for their system to the proxy service seller. The proxy server act as the web filter, and also provide the shared network connections to the people or the client, and providing the cache data to speed up common requests. The proxy means that the system or called as router which act as an interface between the people or the client and the proxy server. The proxy service provider is also termed as proxy seller, where the main work of the proxy seller is to provide the proxy service to the people or the client as per their need for the system when the people request the proxy service from proxy seller.
How to buy the proxy from the proxy seller?
The proxy seller main work is to provide the proxy service to the people or the client as per their need for the system when the people request the proxy service from proxy seller. The proxy seller main important work is to sell proxies to the people or to the client who asks for the proxy services for their system will getting the amount of single proxies or in the amount of a bundle of more proxies as per their wish. The proxy seller provides the proxies according to the people or to the client. The proxy seller provides the proxies in many types as the proxy server has IPv4 and IPv6 proxies. The proxy seller provides the proxy type version of IPv4, where IPv4 means that the internet protocol version which is used as a protocol device for packet switched link layer networks. The proxy seller provides the other type of proxy is called IPv6, where IPv6 means that the internet protocol version 6 which is used as a communication protocol which is used for providing the identification and location access for the system. The IPv4 protocol proxy has thirty two bit binary number and this proxy is separated by the term of periods. The IPv6 protocol proxy has one hundred and twenty eight binary numbers and this proxy is separated by colons.
The proxy seller provides the proxies by private to the people or to the client by when they asks the proxy provider to install in the system or else the people or the client can buy the proxy from online. The proxy seller provides protocol proxies such as IPv4 protocol and IPv6 protocols are which is used to the sell the proxies to the system where IPv6 means the internet protocol version 6 protocol proxy has now most commonly used in many business and applications and also has more advantages in growth of the proxy in the system. The proxy seller provides the proxies all are used with the HTTP, HTTPS and SOCKS connection. The proxies can be owned for private to the people or the client by buying the private SOCKS connection and the HTTPs connection and also can buy in online. The price of the proxies can be according to the amount of proxies the people or the client bought for their system. The SOCKS protocol proxy means that the SOCKET and the HTTPS protocol proxy means that the HYPER TEXT PROTOCOL. The proxy server allow the people or the client to buy the proxies by in the term of private by entering the things like which type of protocol the people or the client want as IPv4 and IPv6 and also by entering the country to which the people belongs to use the proxy. The proxy seller providing and the available proxy are described to be as the current version of proxy supports the HTTPS and SOCKS5 connection protocols can be run without the access of the public server access to the system. Visit here to get more info.
Benefits of buying the proxy:
The proxy seller provide the proxy of SOCKETS and the HYPER TEXT PROTOCOL proxy as per the people or to the clients need for their system to access the machine. The proxy can be setup easily by opening the Google website and the people or the client can enter in to the website of Google account by entering their name and identification. Then the people can do the activity of creating the application on the website. Then the people can select that the application identification and that application will become the domain of that particular proxy server. The proxy server can be easily setup on many business fields and also in some of the social network applications, as with the help of the proxy seller can the people or the client can install to their system or by install on their own by after buying the proxy from the online websites.
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Retailer advice – proxy sales | Business and economy
This is when an adult attempts to buy age restricted products on behalf of an underage person
How to spot proxy sales
When groups of youth congregate outside approaching members of the public who enter the store
If members of the public who might have been approached, ask for the same alcohol product, etc which you have just refused to sell to an underage person
If the adult pays separately for the product and keeps the change separate
If the age restricted product is kept separate from their other shopping
If you know your local community and your customers, and the purchase of such an alcoholic product is totally out of character, remind them that it is an offence to “proxy” purchase
If the adult re-enters the store just to buy alcohol after they have left
You do not have to sell anything to anyone if you are in doubt
Such best practice procedures should be adopted for all age restricted products, however at present it is only an offence for an alcohol proxy sale. Section 149 of the Licensing Act 2003 makes it an offence for a person to purchase or attempt to purchase alcohol for a child, as where a child gives money to an adult to buy alcohol in an off licence for consumption by the child.
Who is responsible for the sale?
The person making or attempting to make the purchase (unless by the parent or legal guardian for responsible consumption within the home).
Alcohol | Business Companion
This guidance is for England and Wales
Everyone involved in sales from on-licensed and off-licensed premises should be aware of their obligations under the Licensing Act 2003 relating to the prevention of sales of alcohol to children.
It is essential that you keep within the law and have systems in place that will act as a legal defence to an allegation that an underage sale of alcohol has taken place. If you do sell alcohol to an individual who is under 18 you could be prosecuted and fined, and your licence to sell alcohol could be at risk.
Preventing the sale of alcohol to children: an overview
The Licensing Act 2003 sets out a series of objectives, which a licensing authority is required to promote. “The licensing objectives are:
(a) the prevention of crime and disorder;
(b) public safety;
(c) the prevention of public nuisance; and
(d) the protection of children from harm. ”
The objective on “the protection of children from harm” includes preventing the sale and supply of alcohol to under-18s. The law sets out the framework that aims to achieve this objective.
The premises licence holder, the designated premises supervisor (who must be a personal licence holder), any other personal licence holders, and staff within on-licensed and off-licensed premises should all be aware of their obligations under the Licensing Act 2003 relating to the prevention of sales of alcohol to children.
It is the premises licence holder and designated premises supervisor’s responsibility to keep within the law and to have systems in place that will act as a legal defence to an allegation that a sale of alcohol has taken place to an individual under the minimum legal age.
A penalty notice for disorder (PND) is a type of fixed penalty notice that can be issued by a police officer, police community support officer or an ‘accredited person’ to a person who sells alcohol to someone under 18. It is intended to provide a quick and effective means of dealing with certain types of offending – as an alternative to prosecution – and may be issued where the person making the sale is the bar person or member of staff (in off-licensed premises). The current penalty charge is £90.
A responsible authority, such as police or trading standards, may ask the licensing authority to review the licence because of a problem at the premises related to any of the four licensing objectives. The licence could be suspended or revoked. Other licensable activities and non-licensable activities are not affected by this suspension order.
Back to topThe law
The Licensing Act 2003 sets out the offences, defences and penalties that relate to underage sales of alcohol.
Sale of alcohol to children
A person commits an offence if they sell alcohol to an individual under 18.
If you are charged with an offence you have the defence that you believed the individual was 18 or over, and you had either taken all reasonable steps to find out the individual’s age or that no one could reasonably suspect from their appearance that they were under 18. ‘Reasonable steps’ means asking the individual for evidence of their age, and that the evidence would convince a reasonable person.
If you are charged with an offence due to the conduct of someone else – a member of staff, for example – you have the defence that you exercised all due diligence to avoid committing it. (The ‘Keeping within the law’ section below explains what this means. )
Allowing the sale of alcohol to children
A person who works at premises in a capacity that authorises them to prevent the sale of alcohol to an individual under 18 commits an offence if they knowingly allow the sale of alcohol to take place.
Persistently selling alcohol to children
It is an offence for a ‘responsible person’ (the premises licence holder) to unlawfully sell alcohol to an individual under 18 at the same premises on two or more different occasions within a period of three consecutive months.
An ‘unlawful sale’ is defined as where the person making the sale believed the individual was under 18 or that the person did not have reasonable grounds for believing the individual was 18 or over. ‘Reasonable grounds’ means asking the individual for evidence of their age and that this evidence when provided would convince a reasonable person, or that no one would reasonably suspect from the individual’s appearance that they were under 18.
An enforcing body, such as the police or trading standards, can apply for a closure notice – which prohibits the sale of alcohol at the premises – as an alternative to prosecution; the duration of this notice can range from 48 to 336 hours. Where a premises licence holder is convicted of an offence of persistently selling alcohol to children, the court may suspend the licence authorising the sale of alcohol at that premises for a period of up to three months.
Prohibition of unsupervised sales by children
The premises licence holder, designated premises supervisor, or other responsible person aged 18 or over, commits an offence if they allow an individual under 18 to sell or supply alcohol unless the sale has been specifically approved and the person is supervised. There are exceptions if alcohol is sold or supplied for consumption with a table meal. You need to check the ages of your staff and make sure you comply with the law.
If you want to organise a temporary event where a ‘licensable activity’ – such as the sale of alcohol – will take place on unlicensed premises, you must apply to your local council for a temporary event notice. A copy of the notice must be clearly displayed at the event. There are restrictions and requirements that you must be aware of before you make your application; contact your council for more information.
Offences under the Licensing Act 2003, including those that relate to age restrictions, also apply to temporary events.
Back to topProxy sales of alcohol
‘Proxy sales’ is a term used to describe the purchase of alcohol on behalf of children.
A person commits an offence if they buy or attempt to buy alcohol on behalf someone under 18. It is also an offence for a person to buy or attempt to buy alcohol for someone under 18 to drink on licensed premises. However, it is legal for someone aged 18 or over to buy beer, wine or cider for someone aged 16 or 17 to drink with a table meal on licensed premises, as long as the young person is accompanied at the meal by a person aged 18 or over.
Although it is the person who buys or attempts to buy alcohol for a child who commits the offence, you have a duty under “the protection of children from harm” licensing objective to prevent such sales from occurring.
Back to topKeeping within the law
In order to keep within the law and therefore satisfy the legal defences, you must introduce an age verification policy and have effective systems to prevent sales to persons under the minimum legal age. These systems should be regularly monitored and updated as necessary to identify and put right any problems or weaknesses, or to keep pace with any advances in technology.
Key best practice features of an effective system include the following.
Age verification checks
The Licensing Act 2003 (Mandatory Licensing Conditions) Order 2010 introduced conditions that apply to all licensed premises. One of these is that if your premises sells or supplies alcohol, you must have an age verification policy.
Always ask young people to produce proof of their age. The Chartered Trading Standards Institute, the Home Office and the National Police Chiefs’ Council support the UK’s national Proof of Age Standards Scheme (PASS), which includes a number of card issuers. You can be confident that a card issued under the scheme and bearing the PASS hologram is an acceptable proof of age.
A passport or photocard driving licence can also be accepted but make sure that the card matches the person using it and the date of birth shows they are at least the minimum legal age. Military identification cards can be used as proof of age but, as with other forms of identification, make sure the photo matches the person presenting the card and check the date of birth. Be aware that military identification cards can be held by 16 and 17-year-old service people.
You do not have to accept all of the above forms of identification and it may be best to exclude any type of document that your staff are not familiar with.
Some young people may present false identification cards, so it is advisable to also check the look and feel of a card. For example, the PASS hologram should be an integral part of a PASS card and not an add-on.
If the person cannot prove that they are at least the minimum legal age – or if you are in any doubt – the sale should be refused.
Please see the Home Office False ID Guidance for more information.
Operate a Challenge 21 or Challenge 25 policy
This means that if the person appears to be under 21 or 25, they will be asked to verify that they are at least the minimum legal age by showing valid proof of age. You can incorporate this into your age verification policy.
Make sure your staff are properly trained. They should know which products are age restricted, what the age restriction is and the action they must take if they believe an underage person is attempting to buy. It is important that you can prove your staff have understood what is required of them under the legislation. This can be done by keeping a record of the training and asking the member of staff to sign to say that they have understood it. These records should then be checked and signed on a regular basis by management or the owner. Members of staff should be advised that they themselves might be personally liable if they sell to young persons in breach of the legal requirements.
Maintain a refusals log
All refusals should be recorded (date, time, incident, description of potential buyer). Maintaining a refusals log will help to demonstrate that you actively refuse sales and have an effective system in place. Logs should be checked by the manager / owner to ensure that all members of staff are using them.
A specimen refusals log is attached.
Some tills have a refusals system built in. If using a till-based system, you should ensure that refusals can be retrieved at a later date. You should also be aware that some refusals are made before a product is scanned.
Store and product layout
Off-licensed premises should consider the layout of their store and site the alcohol in a place where it can be easily monitored, such as nearer to the counter or even behind it.
If you possess an EPoS system then it may be possible to use it to remind staff of age restrictions via a prompt.
Display posters showing age limits and a statement regarding the refusal of such sales. This may deter potential purchasers and act as a reminder to staff.
Closed circuit television (CCTV)
A CCTV system may act as a deterrent and reduce the number of incidents of underage sales. It will also help you to monitor ‘blind spots’ within your store if it is not possible to change the layout or relocate the products behind, or closer to, the counter.
Stay vigilant. Be aware of any young people outside your premises or nearby who may attempt to buy alcohol themselves or who may try and persuade an older person to buy it on their behalf.
If you sell by distance means, such as online or via a catalogue, you should set up an effective system capable of verifying the age of potential purchasers. Please see ‘Online sales of age-restricted products’ for more information.
Back to topFurther information
Detailed guidance has been produced by the Home Office under section 182 of the Licensing Act 2003.
For guidance on alcohol labelling and composition, including low-alcohol products, see ‘Alcoholic beverages, spirits and food’; and for measuring requirements, stamps on glasses, etc see ‘The sale of alcohol in licensed premises’.
Back to topTrading standards
For more information on the work of trading standards services – and the possible consequences of not abiding by the law – please see ‘Trading standards: powers, enforcement and penalties’.
Back to top